Imagine a time when accountants toiled away for hours, manually recording transactions, calculating balances, and hoping that they didn’t make a single mistake. The stress, the late nights, the fear of human error – it was all part of the package. But then, along came IT, with its magical wand of innovation, and suddenly, the world of accounting began to change in ways that were previously unimaginable.


Information technology (IT) advancements have drastically changed many professional services businesses, but arguably none more so than those in the public accounting industry. Previously a conservative and slow-moving sector, public accounting saw enormous changes at the turn of the millennium, largely as a result of the quick changes in its surroundings. Applications for knowledge sharing and audit software are both essential features of these improvements. Audit team structures have changed as a result of the automation of audit work and usage of specialist audit software, which has replaced labor with IT.  Professional services companies have been able to more effectively use their human resources thanks to the deployment of cutting-edge tools that enable knowledge bases to be shared across various organizational divisions.


The Influence of Information Technology on Accounting


Information Technology has undeniably revolutionized the field of accounting, reshaping the way financial data is managed and processed. With the advent of sophisticated accounting software, tasks that were once time-consuming and prone to human error, such as data entry and reconciliation, have become streamlined and remarkably accurate. These software solutions, equipped with features like automated data import, real-time reporting, and data analytics, have empowered accountants to analyze financial information more efficiently, make informed decisions, and ensure compliance with evolving regulations. Moreover, the cloud-based storage and remote access capabilities have enhanced collaboration among accounting teams, allowing for real-time updates and seamless communication. Overall, Information Technology has elevated the role of accountants by equipping them with powerful tools to navigate the complex landscape of modern financial management with precision and agility.


Computerized Accounting Systems


The ability of businesses to create and use computerized systems to track and record financial transactions has had the most impact on accounting. Computer systems have been developed that can swiftly present individual transactions into paper ledgers, manual spreadsheets, and handwritten financial statements. The majority of widely used accounting programs can also be customized for certain businesses or industries. Companies can now easily and quickly provide customized reports for management decision-making. 


Here are the benefits of IT on modern accounting systems:


Increased Functionality

Because accounting information is now more timely, computerized accounting systems have also increased the efficiency of accounting departments. Accountants can create reports and operations assessments that give management a precise view of current operations by enhancing the timeliness of financial information. Computerized systems have increased the variety of financial reports available; these include market share reports, departmental profit and loss reports, and cash flow statements. 


Improved Accuracy

Before financial statements are created, the majority of computerized accounting systems incorporate internal checks and balances to guarantee that all transactions and accounts are correctly balanced. Computerized systems will help ensure that individual transactions are accurately documented by preventing journal entries from being out of balance when publishing. Limiting the number of accountants who have access to financial data also increases accuracy. Less access by accountants means that only qualified supervisors can make changes to financial information. 


Faster Processing

Accounting professionals can swiftly and efficiently process massive amounts of financial data using computerized accounting systems. The amount of time required to end each accounting period has decreased as a result of faster processing speeds for individual transactions. Accounting departments may have increased workloads and labor costs during month- or year-end closure periods. The reduction of this time period helps businesses control costs, which boosts overall business effectiveness. 


Better External Reporting

Computerized accounting systems have improved the reports that are provided to stakeholders and external investors. Investors can assess a company’s investment potential for growth opportunities and potential for high value by looking at improved reporting. These investors can provide companies with equity money, which they can then employ for expansion.


Software Tools in the Accounting Process


Modern accountants must be familiar with the technological tools that will enable them to carry out the accounting tasks more successfully and effectively.


Income Tax. Dealing with tax regulations has been quite challenging because of how frequently they change. As a result, manual tax preparation is getting more and more time-consuming and difficult. Fortunately, businesses may now use tax preparation software. Therefore, businesses can utilize computer software to carry out the identical tasks instead of physically processing tax. As a result, even complicated computations may be completed quickly using computers.


Auditing. The auditing industry has also become digitized thanks to information technology. Auditing tasks must be manually completed by auditors, which takes time. Audit software solutions are, nevertheless, now accessible to auditors. For instance, using trial balance software, auditors can enter the working trial balance, handle various adjustment entries, and have the modified trial balance calculated automatically. 


Word Processing. Word processing is the production, editing, correction, modification, storing, and publishing of textual material using computer assistance. Word processing programs are used by accountants to create financial statements, billings, memoranda, and reports.


Graphics Software. The data in financial statements and reports are graphed using graphics software by many auditors and managerial accountants.


Image Processing. It takes time to create, store, and update paper versions of documents. Processing and storing records also costs a lot of money. Fortunately, document imaging can help to eliminate these costs.

systems. Data is electronically captured during image processing so that it can be shared and saved. Accounting professionals can process all of the files electronically by scanning paper documents into the computer with the use of document imaging. Utilizing document imaging, businesses are transitioning to paperless workplaces.


Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT). Businesses can now use EFT to connect to banks. Companies can electronically pay and recover debts thanks to this method. In this situation, the business has the option of using EFT to pay a supplier for accounts payable. In addition, if the business makes a sale, the transaction is promptly charged to the customer’s bank account and simultaneously credited to the business’s account. The computerized system also updates all pertinent accounts right away, including cash and accounts receivable. The above-mentioned computerized systems have made it possible to automate the accounting information system. These kind of technologically sophisticated tools can now be included into accounting information systems to improve performance and lower expenses.


Accountants and business owners can build sales forecasts, economic business models, and other tools for business decision-making with the aid of accounting programs or software. Additionally, they will automatically input financial data for the company, reducing human data entry errors. Additional significant characteristics of accounting software include mathematical verification procedures and default values that are set to standards. These procedures make sure that the accounting books of the company are constantly in balance and do not deviate from any predetermined standards. The majority of small business accounting software products are straightforward applications made with non-accountants in mind. Owners and managers can now carry out conventional accounting tasks without having extensive formal training or technical understanding. For tax purposes, small business owners may also be able to electronically transfer this information to their public accountant. A stack of manual accounting ledgers is typically less precise and timely than information transferred electronically.


In conclusion, the influence of Information Technology (IT) on modern accounting systems is nothing short of a game-changer. Thanks to IT, the days of tedious manual calculations and endless paperwork are fading away, replaced by digital tools that simplify the entire accounting process. These advancements not only save time but also ensure greater accuracy in financial reporting. Plus, IT has made it possible for accountants to work together seamlessly, no matter where they are. At Intelecis, you can be sure that your accounting systems are up to date. We have fast and friendly IT professionals who will be available to you 24/7. Talk to us today about world-class IT for your accounting business.